How Long Do Trees Live?

Trees, like all other living organisms, have a natural life cycle and a finite life span.


Their lifespan is influenced by a variety of natural events, including:

  • The availability of water
  • Sun
  • Temperature
  • The presence or absence of wind
  • Fires
  • Pests
  • Diseases & disorders

Additionally human activity can dramatically extend or shorten their lifespan.


The Lifespan of Trees in Britain

The list below gives the estimated or likely ages for some of the trees in Britain. The ages given are those which appear most frequently when collected from numerous sources.

Trees regularly exceed their average or typical lifespan and there are hundreds, if not thousands, of examples of this throughout the country.

Type of Tree Age Type of Tree Age
Apple 80 Monkey Puzzle 150
Ash 200-220 Mulberry 120-150
Aspen 100 Norway Maple 150
Beech 180-200 Norway Spruce 200
Cedar of Lebanon 350 Red Oak 200
Cider Gum Eucalyptus 120 Robinia 250
Common Alder 200 Rowan 120
Common Lime 400 Scarlet Oak 150
Common Oak 350 Scots Pine 300
Crack Willow 100 Silver Birch in Southern England 80
English Elm 300 Silver Birch in Northern England 150
European Larch 350 Silver Birch in Scotland 220
Field Maple 200 Silver Maple 150
Ginko 250-400 Sweet Chestnut 450
Hazel 60-80 Sycamore 200-220
Holly 120 Tulip Tree 300
Hornbeam 300 Tupelo 220
Horse Chestnut 350 Tree of Heaven 200
Indian Beam Tree 150 Walnut 200
Lombardy Popular 150 Wild Cherry 150
London Plane 400 Wych Elm 250
Maritime Pine 180 Yew 300